Types of Acne



All types of acne are caused by a malfunctioning of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. In order to understand how to get rid of acne, you must know what type of acne you are dealing with.

Types of acne - Acne formation

1. A normal follicle 2. Inflamed follicle due to entrapped sebum, that may manifest as 3. black head, or 4. papule. 5. Cystic pus-filled comedone.

Our skin glands constantly produce sebum, which is a natural skin oil that nourishes and protects the skin. The sebum is eliminated through the hair follicle and spreads to the whole surface of the skin. When this process is unhindered by other factors, our skin stays healthy and hydrated.

If our skin is unable to properly eliminate the skin oil, this can produce different types of comedones on the surface of the skin. The comedones or pimples can be very painful, red, itchy, and can become filled with pus. A bacteria which can normally found on the surface of the skin can multiply due to the excess sebum. This leads to an infected comedone, and it can spread to other areas of the face and body.

There are essentially 3 types of acne:


Type I – Mild acne

Types of acne - papuleIf you have mild acne you will only get the occasional pimples, a few white heads and blackheads, and sometimes one or two pustules or papules. There are no nodules or cysts with this type of acne. Dermatologists will diagnose acne depending on the level of inflammation. Thus, mild acne presents only mild inflammation. Many teenagers can have a mild acne condition that can get more severe over time if left untreated. Also, even people with dry skin can sometimes develop some form of mild acne at any age.

In order to treat mild acne, the best option is to apply a natural acne remedy that is not too rough on the skin. Popping pimples is also not recommended since this can make the acne spread to other areas. To get rid of mild acne is not very difficult, but one must avoid the common mistakes that acne sufferers tend to do: picking at their face.


Type II – Moderate acne

Types of acne - Moderate acnePeople with moderate acne have a higher level of inflammation that includes pustules, papules, cysts, and blemishes. The acne is more severe and harder to get rid of in this case. The cysts are not very deep but they heal slowly and can produce scarring. Because the risk of scarring is higher, there is a definite need to seek some form of treatment. Teenagers tend to also develop lots of blackheads when they experience this type of acne.

Same as with mild acne, it is very important to avoid picking at your face. This increases the chance of getting permanent and temporary scars. Most doctors prescribe benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid medications for this type of acne. However, the effects of these medications can be only temporary in many cases, since the exact cause of the acne is not addressed. A holistic approach such as a homoeopathic treatment or a plant based acne remedy could be a better solution. Eating healthy foods, and making sure that you get all necessary minerals and vitamins is also very important.


Type III – Severe acne

Types of Acne - Severe acneSevere acne is basically known as cystic acne because it always involves the presence of many cysts under the skin. The cysts produce visible scars, severe inflammation, pus under the skin, and heal very slowly. Cystic acne is common during teenage years, especially in young boys. It seems to affect teenage women less, but they do affect a large number of adult women. This is related to a shift in hormones that is different in men and women.

A person that suffers from severe acne will generally try any type of treatments, including very dangerous ones such as Accutane. These treatments don’t always work, but they can have a visible short term effect on the skin. Doctors can also prescribe oral and topical antibiotics for severe acne cases. The antibiotics eliminate some of the bacteria located under the skin, but they don’t eliminate the underlying causes of acne. Getting rid of severe acne can also be accomplished by improving overall health. An immunity boost is necessary, and there are also a number of plant remedies for acne that can be taken both internally and externally.

While trying to get rid of acne, it is very important not to get discouraged. Different treatments work for different people, and acne must be attacked from more than one angle. Also, don’t abuse your skin too much as the side-effects can be worse than the disease sometimes. Seek your doctor’s advice if the acne is very severe, but look for alternative treatments also. There are many homoeopaths, naturopaths, and holistic medicine practitioners that can offer you support in getting rid of acne.



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